Q. Describe the structure of Administration.
India has been constituted into a Union of States on 26th January, 1950. There are 28 States and 7 Union territories. The President of India is elected by an electoral college consisting of elected members of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of States. He is the Executive Head of the Union. He has a Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister who advises him to exercise his functions. Parliament is the supreme authority to make laws to the exercise of such rights, authority and jurisdiction as are exercisable by the Govt. of India by agreement and to the giving directions to the States in specified matter.
The executive power of the States is vested in the Governor who is appointed by the President of India. He has a Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister, who advises him to exercise his functions. State Legislature has power to make laws for the State. Every Union Territory is administered by the President of India through an Administrator appointed by him, but where there is separate legislature there is a Council of Minister headed by Chief Minister who advices the Administrator in exercise of his function.