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Animal Resource Development

Better management of Reproductive Efficiency in Bovines

Large proportion of bovines in our country are unproductive and exhibiting poor reproductive efficiency. This is mainly due to poor management of dairy animals.

TIPS FOR BETTER MANAGEMENT OF REPRODUCTIVE EFFICIENCY IN BOVINES

Infertility in cattle accounts for major economic losses in dairy farming and dairy industry in India. If dry period is increased by one month the total milk production in the country will decline by 11.25 Million Tonnes (As 79 million animals are in milk). Ideal level of days open (60-90 days), days dry (60 days) and calving interval (400 days) must be maintained.

Major Reasons for infertility:-

Malnutrition and management errors are among the major causes. Poor heat detection and faulty AI also lead to infertility among animals.

Sexual cycle

Both cows and buffaloes have the sexual cycle (oestrus) once in 18-21 days for 18-24 hours. Many a times the estrus is silent. The farmers should closely monitor the animals 4-5 times from early morning to late night. Poor heat detection can cause increased levels of infertility. Considerable skill is needed to detection the animals in heat for visible signs. Farmers who maintain good records and spend more time watching the animals obtain better results.

Tips to avoid infertility

TIPS FOR BETTER MANAGEMENT OF DAIRY CALVES

Calves may die due to under feeding/over feeding and diseases, such as pneumonia, calf scours, navel infections and worm infestations (Ascariasis). Proper management can minimize calf mortality to less than 10% due to these ailments.

CARE OF THE NEW BORN CALVES

HOUSING CALVES

FEEDING OF CALVES

Water

Deworming of calves

Calf Growth

STEPS TO REDUCE IMPACT OF DROUGHT ON DAIRY CATTLE

Short Term measures:

Medium and long term measures:

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