Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009

Special provisions for children not admitted to, or who have not completed, elementary education, Right of transfer to other school.

An Act to provide for free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years.

Chapter – I

  • Preliminary
  • Short title, extent and commencement
  • Definitions

Chapter – II

  • Right to Free and Compulsory Education
  • Special provisions for children not admitted to, or who have not completed, elementary education
  • Right of transfer to other school

Chapter – III

  • Duty of appropriate Government and local authority to establish school
  • Sharing of financial and other responsibilities
  • Duties of appropriate Government
  • Duties of local authority
  • Duty of parents and guardian
  • Appropriate Government to provide for pre-school education

Chapter – IV

  • Responsibilities of Schools and Teachers
  • Extent of school’s responsibility for free and compulsory education
  • No capitation fee and screening procedure for admission
  • Proof of age for admission
  • No denial of admission
  • Prohibition of holding back and expulsion
  • Prohibition of physical punishment and mental harassment to child
  • No school to be established without obtaining certificate of recognition
  • Norms and standards for school
  • Power to amend Schedule
  • School Management Committee
  • School Development Plan
  • Qualification of appointment and terms and conditions of service of teachers
  • Duties of teachers and redressal of grievances
  • Pupil-Teacher Ratio
  • Filling up vacancies of teachers
  • Prohibition of deployment of teachers for non-educational purpose
  • Prohibition of private tuition by teacher

Chapter – V

  • Curriculum and evaluation procedure
  • Examination and completion certificate

Chapter – VI

  • Monitoring of chid’s right to education
  • Redressal of grievances
  • Constitution of National Advisory Council
  • Constitution of State Advisory Council

Chapter – VII

  • Power to issue directions
  • Previous sanction for prosecution
  • Protection of action taken in good faith
  • Power of appropriate Government to make rules
The Schedule
Norms and Standards for a School
 Sl. No Item Norms and Standards
1 Number of Teachers a) For first class to fifth class Admitted children up to Sixty: Number of Teachers :- Two
Between sixty-one to ninety: Three
Between ninety-one to one hundred and twenty: Four
Between one hundred and twenty-one to two hundred: Five
Above One hundred and fifty children: Five plus one head teacher
Above two hundred children: Pupil-Teacher Ratio (excluding head teacher) shall not exceed forty
b) For sixth class to eighth class 1) At least one teacher per class so that there shall be at least one teacher each for
a) Science & Mathematics
b) Social Studies
c) Languages
2) At least one teacher for every thirty five children
3) Where admission of children is above one hundred
i) a full time head teacher
ii) part time instructors for
a) Art Education
b) Health and Physical Education
c) Work Education
2 Building All weather building consists of
i) at least one class room for every teacher and an office-cum-store-cum-Head teacher’s room;
ii) barrier-free access;
iii) separate toilets for boys and girls;
iv) safe and adequate drinking water facility children;
v) a kitchen where mid-day meal is cooked in the school;
vi) Playground;
vii) arrangements for securing the school building by boundary wall or fencing;
3 Minimum number of working days / instructional hours in an academic year i) two hundred working days for first class to fifth class;
ii) two hundred and twenty working days for sixth class to eighth class;
iii) eighth hundred instructional hours per academic year for first class to fifth class;
iv) one thousand instructional hours per academic year for sixth class to eighth class.
4 Minimum number of working hours per week for the teacher Forty-five teaching including preparation hours.
5 Teaching learning equipment Shall be provided to each class as required.
6 Library There shall be a library in each school providing newspaper, magazines and books on all subjects, including story-books.
7 Play material, games and sports equipment Shall be provided to each class as required.

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